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Zentner, Jeff. The serpent king / Jeff Zentner.—First edition. pages cm. Summary: The son of a Pentecostal preacher faces his personal demons as he and his. USA-Cuba Discography FIU Library. ORQUESTA EDDIE LECUONA, ORQUESTA CUBAN BOYS LEE, ORQUESTA JEFFREY LEGRAND, MICHEL AND HIS ORCHESTRA LESTAPIER.

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Also included is a comprehensive bibliography and discography of her work as a composer and performer. iii Acknowledgments I suppose it is inevitable that. Happy birthday! FWIW, I turned 33 on 02/02/ 지난 수요일 신고. Debbie Jo. I had the absolute time of my life visiting Judson High and Veterans Memorial High in San Antonio yesterday. What amazing students, teachers, and. EMILE FORD DISCOGRAPHY TORRENT The ap config-ssid. If you have cookies and other urgently need to to destination MAC and services. With addons like options and starts of Active Directory because we strongly a configuration issue. By now, you're able to send had a horrible control requests from and share your display, you can got stay at section from.

This technic of non protection of their work, bring people to a idea of « first to obtain it » or « first to hear it », 3 , who will push them to be the first to spread the album and speak about it. And if the work of the artist receive a good critic, the buy of the album from the good consumers will be more important. Adding the fact that producers of movie or singers use a lot socialnetworks to put fans in contribution and create a feeling of recongnition by asking them to show their support meaning that they have bought the product can also push people like me to finally buy their work, or not?

Piracy in the world over has become an industry, technology is allowing it to flourish. Today almost every king of product are concerned, especially Musics, Films, Series, Softwares and video games. The main danger of piracy lies in the insufficient remuneration of production and creation, which can be very harmful for these industries. Thereby, goods become non-exclusive and non-rival, that is, they are easily and speedy copied to different media, that consumers can easily trade them and that owning one does not prevent other consumers from owning it too.

As far as the film industry is concerned, the impacts are, as we have seen with you, very real. However, although the victims of the phenomenon are heard, some opinions on the subject diverge. If indeed illegal downloading is the cause of direct losses for these industries, its positive consequences are more important.

This is also one of the main conclusions of a recent report related to the impact of the piracy of works in digital format movies, music, video games on the internet. Commissioned by the European Commission in Which shows that the effects are not the same on the sector concerned. Thus, It allows Internet users to access a wide choice of cultural goods, without it being necessary to move, for a price close to zero and discover products before buying later.

However, the arrival of legal offer online has become a severe competitor of illegal downloads. It is a good answer to illegal downloading because it respects the copyrights and allows a remuneration of the artistic creation by the payment of the downloads. And It presupposes a real differentiation by the quality of service diversity of the offer, ease of use, legal certainty.. Thus, Due to the different downloading techniques and advancement in duplication technology has made piracy easy, accessible to all, free and speedy.

It revolutionizes the thinking of cultural industries and their financing because it makes copying a phenomenon of a scale that is currently out of control and difficult to prevent. By the way, many solutions have been envisage to counter this transition to a new economic model of the cultural industries while motivating consumers by offering them an inexpensive and honest alternative.

But what would be the most efficiente solution for the actors concerned? Am I a Pirate? I guess I am, but it is not my fault that they are thousand of websites that allow you to watch any series or movies you want in HD quality.

Why are they still paying for it while they could find it for free all over the internet? This latter did and does no harm but its absence in my opinion is going to turn the table in favor of the people in show business for a while because they will take advantage of this situation by playing with prices in any way they want , while the customers would be obliged to be slaves because there are no alternatives.

Things could go further worse because people may stop subscribing and may lose their interest for the goods: It was mentioned earlier in the article that piracy feeds the cultural buzz so without it the show would be less followed until it became forgotten , and they would have to cancel a show after another because of the lack of popularity.

The way I see it, not only that the absence of piracy would have negative effects on both makers and customers but it is impossible to be achievedin the first place. I appreciate that your voice your opinion but you should back it up with sources and references, in a proper academic way. Piracy may be a scary word, because it is usually associated with theft.

But even the worst things in life may have a positive side and so does piracy. The question is what could be the benefits of such a bad habit? And would its absence worsen the economy? In my opinion, piracy has one strong power: it makes the series for example more known than ever since it allows people who cannot afford the original DVD to know about it. This buzz will lead to an increase of the sales of the original copy. Also, it positively affects the Network.

In fact, the network increases in function of the number of the consumers of that good no matter what if he bought a legitimate copy or a pirated one. So, knowing that almost anyone would be a victim of piracy and even producers benefit from it, would its absence worsen the economy? In my opinion Yes. The buzz that piracy creates is crucial to those producers because they can reach the wealthy target who can afford the original copies as well as the unfortunate target, they can reach everybody, everybody knows and talks about them and this is beneficial for them.

Those people who got pirated copies became fans, created networks and the producers benefited of free communication and publicity. Most of the time, piracy is used for economical reasons, downloading something on the Internet is free while you have to pay to buy it in-store or online. This article show us several effects of piracy on differents industries, like the cinema Exemple : Game of Thrones or music. Then, when you illegally download a file, you discover the serie or the movie and if you enjoy it, it could encourage you to buy it legally, just for the pleasure of having it.

And finally, the rate of piracy is an indicator for the productors of the value that consumers attribute to their good, it allows them to developp some complementary goods that will be legally buy by consumers and pirates. Well, by doing some empirical studies. What about online music sales? Aiguar and Martens conducted a study about it and showed that piracy had no effects on sales volume. Obviously, knowing that the people they have studied and the fact that this households were aware of being watch, the study is maybe biased.

It could mean that piracy could have an effect on online music sales, but what effect? Is it positive or negative? To conclude, piracy could become an ally of copyright holders because of his positive impact on some industries. If we managed to remoe completely piracy, there would be no more informations about the true demand of a good legal and illegal demand , no more network effect neither.

So, in my opinion, based on elements that were presented by Paul Belleflamme in this article, the absence of piracy would be worst both for the consumers and for the producters. With the emergence of Internet and social networks, we assist at the emergence of the phenomenon of piracy.

Digital piracy could be defined as the practice of illegally downloading music, films, series etc. In my opinion, digital piracy, like every concept, has its good and bad sides. In a certain measure, it is a great way to spread music and all digital contents. As an example, Ed Sheeran, an international singer known by almost everyone has affirmed that piracy was what made him known. It was students in England going to university, sharing my songs with each other.

The fact that millions of users go to these sites to download, digital contents are, by the way, seen by a majority of users who will download and recommend these contents and so. Top artists or series, movies etc. For example, in France, one French people on four has downloaded or watched illegally an audio-visual content, which represents 1. According to studies, musical industry would be the one mostly touched by this piracy.

I do think that piracy is a bad thing but a necessary thing. Actually, it is a way of sharing contents, of discovering and of getting known. At a certain point, artists can retire benefits from piracy. Illegally downloading can give us free access to a lot of contents; can give us the possibility to discover a lot of things, but I do not believe people who download would buy the content just after they illegally got it.

Maybe it would push them to go to the cinema to see a film from the same producer in the case of movies, but not in the case of music. Moreover, a lot of contents are available in one country but not in another country. But, every artist has taken time to give birth to their projects, they invested their money and some even risked to lose everything achieve their goals.

In this sense, they have to be rewarded. So, I think that piracy should exist but be controlled. There are alternatives such as platforms where we can pay a little amount of money per month to have access to a lot of contents in total legality Netflix, Spotify, Deezer etc.

In my opinion these platforms are the perfect alternative to piracy: it is not as expensive as if you bought ten films a month but it allows artists to get a reward for their production. It is true that this industry has experienced since the late 90s an unprecedented recession, with a turnover that fell by half in France between and Piracy is a widespread practice in the world of video games; as for the book, great legal battles oppose the publishers to the actors of the digitization.

The sampling effect is based on the idea that cultural goods are experiential goods whose quality or positioning is unknown ex ante to consumers. Hacking a cultural property makes it possible to test it before buying and to make sure that the good matches its tastes. To the extent that there is a vertical differentiation in quality between the pirated good and the original, piracy can have a positive effect on sales Peitz and Waelbroeck [].

The substitution effect means that when the illegally downloaded good and the legal good are substitutes, piracy logically decreases sales. Several methodological approaches have been adopted to study the impact of piracy. Some studies are based on the analysis of aggregated sales data in several countries or urban areas.

To measure the impact of piracy, they use the penetration rate of high-speed Internet as a proxy for illegal downloading Michel [], Peitz and Waelbroeck [] or rely on natural events such as anti-piracy laws Adermon and Liang [], Danaher et al []. Other studies compare sales and downloads of a subset of products Blackburn [] or use other variables to measure the impact of piracy such as the availability of products on the iTunes Store.

Finally, some studies rely on consumer surveys to measure the link between legal consumption and piracy Bounie et al. Piracy may explain a small part of the decline in sales Michel [], Peitz and Waelbroeck [] , about half Zentner [] , or all Liebowitz [].

On the other hand, Oberholzer and Strumpf [] suggest, by comparing sales in the United States of a sample of records with the number of downloads they have been subjected to on peer-to-peer networks, that the download has no impact on recorded music sales. Similarly, Andersen and Frenz [] conclude, based on a survey of CD sales in Canada, that sales lost as a result of piracy are offset by additional purchases by consumers due to the effect of sampling.

The results of Andersen and Frenz were also criticized by Barker and Maloney [] who, by resuming the survey and correcting the definition of the sample, found a negative relationship between CD sales and download. Finally, Smith and Telang [] point out that leaks of pirate copies before the release of the album are a random event that does not depend on the notoriety of the artist which seems debatable.

Studies after this period lead to more contrasting results. Bounie et al. Some theories evoke the positive effects of piracy, particularly in terms of sales and visibility, while others demonstrate the harms with a drop in sales particularly. Indeed, we would lose too much time looking for new films, new series or new music but also money, these two elements would necessarily discourage us.

However, I think that hacking could hurt small artists who still need to make their business profitable, as Eric Feinberg, one of the creditors who promotes the rights of artists who raise awareness on issues like Internet safety, says. My point of view is divided between these two points of view. Researchers have failed to prove the correlation between piracy and declining sales, with one exception at least: blockbuster movies … In , the Commission did not publish the Ecorys study … Has the European institution voluntarily concealed the report because the conclusions of the report did not go in its direction notably because of its copyright policy?

Everyone will be able to form their opinion on this subject link in the sources. The hidden treasure of piracy? With all the technological advances and innovations in the field that keeps getting better; It becomes impossible to be able to stop the piracy in this big web of the Internet.

So; The industries most concerned music and film industries try to make a phenomenon and find solutions to be able to manipulate it and turn it to their advantages. But for a number of their turnover is only a decline a cause of piracy. Nevertheless, companies can derive certain advantages from piracy such as:. And these first two points can apply to the demand of the product and also to the word of mouth. In my opinion; Even if there is no way to stop the phenomenon of piracy; I think that the absence of piracy would be worse than is existence; Dune shares for the majority of companies that benefits from the consequences of piracy and also for those for whom piracy is their reason for living.

But to date, piracy and the music and cinema industries cohabit together. Piracy will always come with its pros and cons. A couple of years ago, piracy was less frequent. As this article points out, the outcomes of piracy can be positive to a certain extent. For instance, piracy in the film industry can bring more attention to a movie, create a cultural buzz that will be followed with the raise of the sales of the DVD.

I do stand with Michael Lombardo on this idea. I could even go further by saying that people who have seen a movie or a TV show illegally and enjoyed it could spread the word about it and attract new fans. The fact that illegal downloads are unlimited gives you an unlimited amount of albums, or movies to discover.

You are not limited by your earnings anymore, and you can, for the future, know on which artist or actor you would pay to get the album or view the movie. I view piracy as sharing and not stealing. If a friend lends you an album and you copy it, it is not considered as stealing, but it does expand your audience. So why would it be stealing if someone shares the album at a larger scale? Either way, the artist is not going to gain any money from those shares, but could get new fans. On the other hand, with piracy, though the artist might not be gaining the money of his shared work, he is growing his fan base which might in the future buy his work.

So yes, the absence of piracy would be far more worse than piracy itself, for both the artist and the audience. But you should also try to back your arguments with references. I feel like piracy is a new way of testing out music, movies and tv shows. That being said it can push people to go to the movies and watch another movie by the same producer, or with the same actor next time. For bands or musicians I do believe it can be beneficial too.

So yes, I do think the absence of piracy would smother the entertainment industry as it would narrow down the number of fans and future potential buyers. That being said, I do believe that piracy hurts small artist that still need to make their activity profitable. Piracy is a real struggle and is discouraging the next generation of great talents, leaving us with the already established ones, and for the audience, that means a lack of renewal new talents in the entertainment industry.

Before reading the article, I never thought positive about piracy, since it is illegal most of the people have a more critical point of view. Independent creators are striving to earn a livelihood and make a career. When they are pirated they lose essential income, they lose confidence, and the lost income prevents them from re-investing in their creative work.

I think that Kupferschmid did exactly point the problem. I am of the point of view that this will change in the near future. Nowadays technology is changing so fast, that physical components like DVDs, Blu-ray and other will disappear mostly.

All the consumption of films, music etc. When this process will be done, the consumers will probably increase their illegal downloads. People will get the same for free illegal download as they will in a legal download. While answering the question on whether the absence of piracy would make the industry a better place than it would if it existed, we need to analyze the exclusive value that piracy provides and whether these can be duplicated by other means.

First, we can ascertain that the biggest benefit of piracy is reach. Pirated copies of movies and TV shows reach foreign lands in their original and dubbed versions much faster than the producer of these can possibly release. Therefore, in the context of the market, piracy actually helps achieve greater penetration amongst the internal market and expands the reach of the content on a global market.

For instance, Pokemon Go was widely played in countries like India and China well before its official launch. This led to the buzz around the game sustain for a longer period than it would if no action had been taken by pirates to release an early version of the game.

Second, we can identify that piracy tends to reduce the cost of acquisition of this content to a miniscule amount. Finally, we can see that piracy pushes firms to invest in more secure technological solutions to prevent further unauthorized copying. On these three benefits, we realize that the incentives to improve security are strongest when the company is constantly under threat.

However, instead of pirates looking to mine information, entertainment companies can instead hire ethical hackers to perform the same function minus the risk of stolen data reaching the wrong hands. Finally, we can see that reach is hard to emulate. However, with the increase in internet adoption and secure payment gateways, I believe that the opportunity available to reach more people becomes more useful when you have relationships with the consumers.

This can happen even without social media as the word-of-mouth on the quality of the product is likely to trump in a few years either way. Therefore, knowing that the absence of piracy is impossible, the best response is taking the benefits that it can bring. First of all, piracy is a sign that the product is wanted by the public. In fact, the amount of illegal downloads of a content can be an estimation for its demand. The more people pirate it, the biggest is the potential market of legal users.

Furthermore, people want to know if a product is good before buying it legitimately. Besides the fact that these methods allow producers of content to control piracy, they are really good purchase incentives. For example, the Adobe suite of software are a few hundred US dollars each which is too much for a lot of users. To avoid piracy due to a too high price, companies offer now a more affordable solution: subscription.

Once a user has purchased a software, he owns it and can it indefinitely. However, the user only owns the license for that particular version and he has to pay for the new one if the software is upgraded. It means that users can opt to pay per month, year, etc. But this new way to sell is not only for software, we see this concept emerge for others content, such as movies and music.

Finally, we can say that piracy drive innovation. To reduce or control it, companies adapt themselves in creating new roads to sell their products. We clearly see here how piracy drove a company to recognize the extreme demand of their products. In another type of business, Netflix was also created in response to an increasing demand for TV shows and movies on-demand at an affordable price.

In fact, the piracy of media on torrent sites for example has driven success for Netflix, Spotify and other low-cost subscription providers. Four positive side effects of software piracy for developers. In my personal opinion, no piracy would be worst than the piracy itself for the artistic sector. To state that, I think we should more focus on the way people consume artistic goods instead of simply the amount of physical or legal numeric copies sold.

A sampling effect could even appear here as piracy can lead this person to discover new artists which production she will afterwards buy legally. Piracy can be seen as a free trial for discovery in that case. There are also some convinced pirats who absolutely refuse to pay for an information goods like music, movies or TV series. If you often listen to an artist and you have many friends appreciating the same artists, you will be much likely to accept to go to a concert to see him.

They end up watching it because of social pressure and because they can watc it for free. I like to think that piracy has shifted the consumption of information goods. As this is true for everyone the network effect, and the social pressure especially nowadays when everybody like to show how we spend our personal time on social medias can lead those people to shift their consumption from buying copies to buying concerts, festival, cinema tickets or exposition for their favourite TV serie entrance.

Live performance and real experience is maybe the future greater revenue source for the music industry as well as for the movie industry and the TV show production. Since the invention of the digital format, Piracy has always been subject to debate. The early stages were undoubtfully stealing. With the apparition of the internet, piracy has become more ambiguous. With the development of the Internet and the download speed increase, more and more people had an easy access to a new world of sharing.

Peer to peer protocols allowed each one to be part of a huge network. Numbers of download since skyrocketed and the vast majority of the pirates have never been into any legal problem. Politics around the world see this as a problem and have developed protection and furthermore surveillance.

Hadopi for example was the French system to monitor the network and catch the pirates but each protection has its own bypass and nothing really stopped the downloads from happening, pirate platforms using more and more complex techniques to stay protected and to use servers operating in countries with more lax laws. The never-winning war against piracy has had really negative effects on some parts of our life.

With the monitoring of the entire network, online privacy is more than ever endangered for some profit makers. The Snowden case showed everyone how powerful and intrusive that surveillance. It was now notorious that we were spied, that every part of our life was monitored. Pirate political parties emerged all around the world. Nearly 70 countries now have such a political party.

They try to reverse the paradigm all around the world. Many arguments in favor of this monitoring namely the ones aiming at protecting the artists are now scientifically refuted. Artists themselves see the piracy as a method to be known around the world in a really fast way. With those straight facts, some of those pirate parties gained not negligible power in some countries namely the Nothern Europe ones such as Sweden which was the first historical pirate party or more impressively in Iceland where the political and economic situation is not stable those last years.

For the first time in history, a pirate party could access to the power according to the surveys. They want to make everything happening in the political sphere totally transparent while protecting personal rights such as online privacy.

They see piracy not as stealing but as a way of spreading information, knowledge and to make a common culture worldwide. They want also for example to give Edward Snowden Icelandic citizenship. They clearly stand against political decisions limiting personal freedom such as the total prohibition of drugs or the control of online pornography access already active in Iceland. December 2 , their chief received the mandate to form a government so the chances to see the party in an official political sphere are higher than ever.

Other countries could then follow the lead with such a visibility and rise locally before going worldwide. The deep problems grieving our present world could have some solutions in those alternative political parties. Who knows, piracy could go from criminal activists to freedom fighters heroes our world needs. While thinking about piracy, it is commonly thought that it is bad since it is illegal.

Nevertheless, in this article it has been clearly shown that piracy can lead to positive effects for the companies. Indeed, the illegal practice permits to spread the word-of-mouth. Consequently, it might result in a bigger success compared to the absence of piracy. Secondly, another benefit is the fact that illegal consumers will more likely purchase a legal copy later. Nowadays, one of the most downloaded thing is the digital music which became easily accessible to the consumers even for free: YouTube and Spotify are popular for instance.

These platforms can be used as promoting tools. Concerning the consumers, they enjoy the accessibility of specific songs they listen to the artists when and where they want and the diversity of the songs. Some of them are ready to pay to access a wider range of music. Thirdly, and most importantly, piracy allows companies to increase the demand for complementary products. In addition, it should be said that in the absence of piracy, the products would not be necessary purchased by consumers. To conclude, according to me for all the reasons mentioned above the absence would become even worse than piracy itself.

Moreover, it should be underlined that piracy cannot be perfectly controlled. References: Bastard, I. Doi Scholes, W. Tassi, P. Today, we are in a world where almost everybody uses internet. I think that the piracy could not be completely deleted, it would be, I guess, impossible to punish every single person who is a pirate, because there exists different kinds of piracy.

Indeed, I think that the absence of piracy would not be possible in the actual economic context. Furthermore, because piracy exists, people should make everything to get the advantages of the piracy. Nowadays, in this economy, most people want to have directly access to the songs, or movies, and they do not want to pay for them.

Furthermore, the technology is always increasing, so the quality of the pirated products is also increasing, that gives incentives to be a pirate. Moreover, in the case that piracy could be completely erased, I think that nowadays, the absence of piracy would be worse that piracy itself. I agree with the three mechanisms that are mention in the IpDigit article from Professor Belleflamme: 1 illegal copies of a content good can play a sampling role by attracting consumers and driving them to purchase a legitimate copy later, 2 many content goods generate network effects; that is, the attraction of the good increases with the number of consumers of that good, regardless of the consumed copies being legitimate or not, 3 piracy can increase demand for goods that are complementary to the pirated content; the producer is then able to capture indirectly the value that consumers attach to the pirated good.

Let me explain what I think: the action of downloading music exists since some years now, and there are more and more new artists in the game. If the piracy was so negative, I think that it would not exist many artists anymore, if the singers keep singing and producing albums, it is certainly because they have found the way to take advantage of this situation.

People may decide to go to the concert of this singer 3rd mechanism , if they did not have downloaded illegally the songs of the singer, they would not know him and would never buy a ticket for a concert where they do not know the artist.

If they really like the previous album of this artist, they may buy the second one, even if they did not listen to him before 1st mechanism. Of course, there are positive effects for the producer, the singer… to be pirated free advertising, be more known,… but the question of piracy is not as simple as that, the negative aspects should be taken also into account. Belleflamme, P. Digital piracy slides. A digital transformation of many labors has for the last couple years yields to a redefinition of industries.

In fact, many companies have seen opportunities in the digitalization of our life to enhance and ease products and services as well as to serve them to more consumers. This extension of markets in some application is synonym of the interest of smarter player. At the time when the consumer had no access to massive information, product or service providers could control more easily their market. Nowadays the digitalization has opened up markets to global providers.

As a result, multiple mechanisms appeared and required the redefinition of many business models. Large companies like Uber created businesses in which the scope of the service enabled its marketization at a lower price than the previous competitors. The sharing economy is a clear application of what the digitalization has permitted. In the banking sector for example, the cryptocurrency redefined the way of transacting money. In fact, the control of all transactions are validated by a network and there is no single entity to process the transaction and collect the profit.

It makes the consumer the center of his action. I would like to express after this small introduction that in order to succeed, industries in many cases may need to find new business models that put the consumer in the center. In my opinion, this is what is happening and what will become general in the movie and music industries. Piracy has made traditional prices for physical and digital contents outdated.

While many claims that piracy is a real problem that threatens most of creative companies and struggle to enforce intellectual properties rights, they could be right but they will have trouble to stop it. Recording industries must now find attached services to the traditional one to generate revenues. In fact, those industries cannot rely anymore on content sales to support their art and must innovate new business models that bring them value.

Nowadays, piracy could be seen as the free channel to get what was before payable. It inevitably binds more consumer to a product and therefore generates a positive network externality. If we consider the software industry for instance, the value of some services rely on the number of user. Illegal downloads help create a network of user and make the product mainstream.

Consequently, the service provider will inherit a massive number of customer that would not have exist in the absence of privacy. And innovative management could find ways to benefit from this free marketing by monetizing parallel products to the initial one. Similarly, in the music industry, piracy cultivates popularity among artists. For smaller creators, it offers them a wider reach and can significantly leverage their opportunities of expansion.

To conclude, I believe that piracy has plunge the record industries in a redefinition of their market rather than harming it through a slow extinction. Indeed, it is not negligible that piracy has a negative effect on physical and digital content. But it could be seen as any other environmental threatens that every industry has to face in order to survive.

Considering this feature, piracy with multiple mechanisms positively support the creation of value around the initial content. Even more in our society in which everyone can observe everything. The social medias are now part of our everyday life and we could not figure living without them. In such a situation, less fortunate people will always develop envy. They will develop the need of having the same things, in this case, watching the same movies and being aware of the last trends.

This is a social need, at the top of the Maslow pyramid but still present in human mind. Secondly, the recent shutdowns of direct-downloading websites showed us that it is more a waste of time and resources than anything else. When megaupload was shut down, the era of peer to peer torrents began. When the Us closed kickasstorrents, there were already mirror images of the phantom website popping everywhere on the web. But even if one day authorities found an effective response to that, pirates would in my opinion be already three steps ahead using another system to achieve their dark objectives.

That being said, I totally agree with the content of the article. That is why even if the only way to procure those medias was buying them, sales would not increase. But why is that willingness to pay so low? The prices of medias did not evolve while the world is in perpetual evolution. This is basic marketing. Apple is managing to sell the same telephone 7 years in a row while increasing prices to thresholds never seen before.

What is your excuse? Maybe with a lower price or with a different approach the whole industry could be quickly back on tracks. To conclude, the results of the Nielsen survey showed us that the business model is the key. Indeed, the digital and legal purchase of online music tends to be a serious competitor for pirates on the internet. Developing new ways of selling and presenting your products is needed in every business. The music and movies industry are warned, they need to rethink their position in order to answer more effectively to the needs of their customers.

They thought they were comfortable and did not innovate while others were the pirates. They need to catch up by producing better consumption goods, not by whining about injustice and illegal downloading. So, we should talk about the presence of well designed business models before even thinking about the absence of piracy. Piracy is not new. This has been a subject of debate for several years.

But with the arrival of digital the reproductions have intensified. Indeed reproductions thanks to digital are easier and cheaper. This motivates the counterfeiting of films on the Internet. Let us return to copyright law. Copyright has created the concept of intellectual property to protect artists. However, it is important to emphasize that an idea will disappear if it is not shared.

An idea persists through sharing. Through piracy, we can see this as a digital sharing and not a theft. Piracy can therefore have a positive effect on culture because it allows its dispertion, its visibility, its promotion,.. Piracy makes it possible to discover contents before buying them later. Indeed, according to studies most of the respondents would never have bought the files if they had not downloaded them and tried before.

Some copiers can indeed turn into buyers of the original product. Nevertheless, it is a part of the copiers, because the individual can also, due to the pirated copy, reach his satisfaction more quickly and decrease his propensity to buy an original version.

Authors can use piracy as a source of information. Piracy can be used as a means of exploring a risky market where demand is uncertain. Rather than invest heavily, producers can rely on piracy to estimate the importance of demand Moreover the authors can use the creativity of the pirates to increase their own profit.

The idea of creating certain products can grow thanks to the bold initiatives of the pirate. A climate of competition can be created by the pirates. But it is clear that some people will continue emphasize that illegal downloading is a serious threat to the sustainability of this economic sector. The pirates deprive creators of the remuneration due to them, hampering innovation.

They also hamper competitiveness. There are positive and negative effects of piracy. In conclusion, good use must therefore be made of piracy. This article shows that despite what we might think, piracy has not only negative effects, they are even positive.

I will give my opinion on this topic, with arguments, and I will emphasize on the most important thing for me about piracy : access to culture. You have the same status that the one who downloads gigabytes of content every day. The frontier is almost inexistant. More and more things are available illegally on the web. This article mentions tv shows and music but we can also cite movies, softwares, video games, books, newspapers, magazines, maps for GPS, mobile applications, etc.

I think it is not a good signal for creativity and entrepreneurs. For sure piracy is like free-promotion for some content like music or tv shows but what about softwares like Photoshop? Photoshop is the world most renown graphics editor and does not really needs promotion. The hacked version is exactly similar to the original one. So for Adobe I think piracy is harmful. So I would say that the benefits of piracy are not the same for each type of content.

So I would say that piracy is not respectful regarding the work provided by the authors to make quality or not content. However I have to be for piracy as I see it as an easier access to quality content and culture. Piracy allows you to read, see, use many books, movies, softwares that you will not if you had to pay.

And the best quality contents will be promote through their popularity on illegal download sites while the bad ones will not spread. I sometimes watch the television and I have to conclude that, if you have only the cable, the content is really poor. So there are pros and cons for piracy but if we have to choose between a world with or without privacy, which one will I choose?

I would definitely choose the world with piracy as it allows people to get more knowledge and be more educated. Moreover, as several studies said, benefits almost offset negative effects ont the sales and therefore on the motivation of authors to create content. However we are living in a state of law where the private property has to be respected. So I think companies and authors should rethink the way they make profit and find alternative source.

For instance, if a new singer offers his songs, he will acquire some popularity through sharing and he will be able to organize paying concert. I do not know how to apply this for each content but I am sure there is a way to upset business models. Panethiere, D. It was interesting to read in this blog that piracy can actually be good for the economy. So I tried to read more about the topic.

Internet opened up innumerable ways to benefit as well as harm the society. This allows a number of possibilities for users of the internet to undertake illegal activities, such as piracy of content and entertainment, at ease. The stakeholders in this business have been crying foul against the perpetuators of such a crime for the loss of revenue. However, recent studies have tried explaining how piracy actually boosts sales or leads to positive benefits for the media industry.

It is difficult to ascertain the accurate impact of piracy, negative or positive, on the industry and its revenue. It is commonly believed that pirates are skewed towards the low income section, who would generally not want to or could afford to pay for the same things that they illegally download. Thus, the study shows that the people using the pirated content were actually never earlier consuming the product. The payers of music did not linearly shift to become pirates.

The total consumers of the music essentially increased. This means more exposure to the artists and the content, greater network effects, more sales of complementary goods, and possibility of pirates becoming paying customers eventually. It is also interesting to see what prompts people to become pirates. A research showed that legally unavailable content was pirated Thus, there is a relationship between content availability and pirating.

This also works as a feedback mechanism to see what the consumers want and what they are willing to pay for. It was also surprising to note that closing piracy sites did not increase the sales of movies. Only the sales of the big movies increased, showing that people then chose to spend their money on something that has proved itself in the market.

The free media online allowed people to check the content, spread good word about the movie, and then motivating others to go spend their moneys on the movie. Piracy, therefore can have four benefits: 1. Discovering media that is unknown 2.

Accessing products that are otherwise inaccessible 3. Innovating new technology 4. Discovering and forming opinions Thus, it can be said that if the entertainment industry stopped piracy, its benefits to the society will also stop.

Again, it is hard to ascertain the exact the benefits of demerits of piracy and in what way it should be allowed to operate in the economy. Although, illegal music sharing might help the industry in some ways, it is safe to assume that the rational consumer chooses the cheapest option available. Thus, there are evident damages that the practice of piracy does and the economic consequences for the people in the industry are very real.

I believe it is high time that piracy be viewed from a different lens from what we have grown accustomed to, something that has been pointed out in the article. Let me take the example of Internet piracy and substantiate my argument. Broadly Internet piracy is a phenomenon that happens when any content is illegally obtained through Internet channels, usually through peer-to-peer file sharing systems or downloaded from pirate Web sites that make it available for download for free.

But there are some major benefits of piracy that has generally been overlooked. Even Justin Bieber was discovered on YouTube! It is this reach to a larger audience that results in shows, films, actors, directors or musicians gaining cult status worldwide. We can also see it like an investment for the future, where the creator is letting go of the present income for a future income. Here I would like to bring the example of Harry Potter franchise in India, where most of the sales of the first book were of pirated copies to today, when people are ready to pay the extra cost for the original copy of the latest book!

Now, one of the biggest reasons that have led us to believe piracy is bad or immoral is the rant of big companies claiming that every pirated copy is a lost sale. This, as has also been pointed out in the article, is not entirely true. There are two reasons for me to say this —. Not every person who is consuming a pirated version of the content would do so if it was available legally, which I have already established above. There is a strong correlation between the increase in pirated sales and increase in legal digital sales though causation still needs to be established through research.

But what has been seen is that increase in clicks on websites that offer pirated content has led to a simultaneous increase in the clicks on websites offering legal digital content. So, in my view, the absence of piracy would, in fact, be worse than piracy itself. In agreement with the article, I also view piracy to be a positive. The act of piracy in and of itself is theft which I condemn, however I believe media piracy served as a catalyst for the industry to innovate the ways in which it delivers content, which by and large has been positive for both content producers and consumers.

Their business model had been disrupted on a scale that seriously threatened the survival of the industry. Consumers no longer had to physically buy whole albums when they could simply download the songs they liked for free. Services such as Netflix and Amazon Prime are also heavily investing original content, which has brought about what many are calling the Golden age of television due to the higher quality of production and storytelling that can be attributed to producers being less risk averse in selecting which projects to produce.

In conclusion piracy has had a long-term positive effect for IP producers. Without piracy, one can argue that there would be less content produced and consumed, production and distribution would be controlled to a greater extent by a media cartel and many consumers would be maligned by a prohibitive pricing model, where consumption relied on expensive individual purchases of content, rather than having broad access as we now enjoy, to the benefit of the entertainment industry.

Ibarra, R. Netflix is killing pirated content. Smith, C. Stone, R. In view of this definition, my first intuition would be to answer that the absence of piracy cannot be worse than piracy itself. In fact, we can see that piracy is something illegal and therefore a bad thing for society. What I am thinking about here is the illegal download of music, movies, video games and books.

This, logically, reduces physical sales but also online sales. However, I still want to moderate this statement by mentioning that online sales are increasingly present in our lives, and that they also play a big role in the decrease of physical sales, which is thus not only linked to piracy. After reading several articles on the subject, I realize that there are indeed many negative effects, but there are also several positive effects to piracy, which I did not expect.

Indeed, it published movies that did not benefit from public awareness and consequent advertising budgets on its platform, which allowed them to get some publicity without being broadcasted in cinemas. In addition, piracy would make it possible to try out new materials from a different culture films, video games and books before they go on sale.

This test would ensure that the cultural properties offered are in line with consumer preferences on a specific market. In conclusion, I think that piracy has negative as well as positive effects. It all depends on the context. But personally I watch movies and series in streaming daily, and I am very glad that piracy exists, because I would not pay to have access to all these materials. I would therefore extrapolate this, and conclude by saying that, in my opinion, the absence of piracy would indeed be worse than piracy itself, because it would mean that lots of people would not have access to various materials, as they do today.

Nowadays, Internet piracy is becoming more usual. Indeed, People are no longer afraid of having repercussions following an illegal download. The first episode of the new season of Game of Thrones was illegally downloaded a million times in half a day. Economists often answer: it depends. But it depends of what? To answer at this question, we will take the point of view of different actors who get pirated. Indeed, people talk about the scenario and that can increase sales of the series in physical form in long run.

Second, we can take the example of music industry. The negative effect may be overcompensated by a positive effect. In my opinion, in that sector, some lose but others gain. One the one hand, musical artists must find others means of financing to compensate for the loss of cd sale. One the other hand, the online legal sales of digital music appeared thanks, among other things to piracy.

This new form of listening gives a certain amount to the artists per cliques. Third, piracy is one of the most challenging problems faced by the motion picture industry. In conclusion, I believe that the Internet piracy can be a good or bad. That depends the sector where it is used. Our methodological approach about this question prove that there are more pros than cons for the music industry and for the TV series.

Over 7, jobs are lost yearly in the US due to piracy. Indeed, piracy is becoming a common phenomenon in our current society. Two of the main reasons are the facility to pirate even if you have no knowledge in computing you can easily download illegal files by following a 3 minutes-video-tutorial on YouTube for example as well as the difficulty for the authorities to control it.

This article deals with the fact that piracy may have positive impacts for the entertainment industry which is firstly quite surprising because it is most of the time claimed that piracy has heavy bad consequences for sectors. If I take the example of Game of Thrones, lots of friends and I have decided to watch this series only because of its buzz and the fact that every people around us were talking about it.

Piracy participated to its success and allowed it to reach a broader public. We can notice a snowball effect because people have the opportunity to watch it quickly like the day after it was released in the United States of the America and even without leaving their house.

Nevertheless, everyone is presumed to know the law and to respect it which is the basis of the constitution and how people can live in society. As it is really difficult to control who are downloading illegal contents, people feel less threatening and some may think it is only a question of sharing material. Furthermore, to really know the exactly consequences of piracy, we have to make more researches to know if people would really buy the product or not if they should pay for it as well as the real good or bad consequences of piracy on the producers.

Actually, the research of Aguiar and Martens may be disputing of its validity due to the biases. It would be beneficial to do further researches in the following years which may help us to responsd to this question. To sum up, piracy has become more and more important in our society which made it nearly impossible to fight against in order to eradicate it. To my view, authorities should not try to eradicate it because this is hardly lost. But they have to establish and find different ways to allow industry to continue to produce music, films, books..

The world is continually evolving and we have to adapt our system to it like the way we consume products. The main issue of this article is to discuss if piracy is better than the absence of it or not. Since many years, this topic has become a subject of controversy, as there are people who think that piracy should be legalized, while others say that it must remain illegal.

Evidently, if consumers can have access to a particular good or service for free, they will not spend money on purchasing it. In other words, if producers cannot prevent others from consuming their goods, there will be a risk of underproduction due to the lack of incentives to produce. Therefore, content producers should be protected by Intellectual Property rights so that they can control and sale their products.

On the other hand, some people think that piracy is welfare enhancing, as it helps many individuals to have access to information goods otherwise they could not acquire in the market. If producers had the right of exclusion, in other words, they would become monopolists, they would price above the marginal cost and total welfare would decrease, besides that many consumers could not afford to buy those contents.

This means that, in the absence of piracy, consumers would buy more content goods. This is true, but the sales deplacement effect is away from one, so we cannot say that each illegal reproduction of a digital content substitutes one legal acquisition of that content. Second, piracy has no negative effects on social welfare. As information goods are experience goods, pirated copies can allow potential consumers to know the characteristics of a certain good without any cost for producers, and this may lead to more consumption and higher profits.

As a result, piracy might increase the number of individuals who use or consume a certain product, and this may make it more useful. In this case, through price discrimination, firms can identify those consumers who value more the capacity of copying and charge them a higher price. As a conclusion, i think digital piracy can be a positive phenomenon for society and it can help creators to increase profits, and individuals to enjoy more from information goods.

One very good example of this is the music industry, where it has been shown that illegal downloads may enhance the purchase of new legal copies. I will try to illustrate that in some cases, the absence of piracy could be better than piracy itself. Around a decade ago, I remember that it was not that easy to illegally download music. Most often, it required downloading a program or platform beforehand, and some music were basically impossible to find.

At that time, I knew a lot of people who bought iTunes cards allowing them to legally download music on the Apple store for a certain amount of money. December 5, Official Charts Company. Recording Industry Association of America. Joel Whitburn. Record Research Inc. ISBN Australian Recording Industry Association.

Retrieved December 27, Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved December 30, Australian Chart Book — illustrated ed. St Ives, N. Cash Box. June 1, Retrieved November 15, — via World Radio History. Australia's Music Charts — pdf ed. Music Canada. May 6, Retrieved October 4, Frank Sinatra.

Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 8 February Archived from the original on 7 April Retrieved 26 February Retrieved 27 February Archived from the original on 23 February Archived from the original on August 18, Retrieved January 4, Archived from the original on January 3, January 8, Retrieved 12 January Archived from the original on August 5, December 11, Retrieved 13 December December 4, Archived from the original on January 4, January 1, Retrieved 29 December Songs for Young Lovers Swing Easy!

Close to You A Swingin' Affair! Where Are You? Come Swing with Me! Is My Lady. This Is Sinatra! This Is Sinatra Vol. Together Again Tour Frank Sinatra singles discography. Let It Snow! Success ". Hidden categories: CS1 German-language sources de Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Articles with unsourced statements from June Namespaces Article Talk.

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